Preschoolers' Eating Habits Tied to CVD Risk Factors
Interventions that target eating behaviors in preschool-aged children may be important
TUESDAY, June 18 (HealthDay News) -- The eating behaviors of preschool-aged children may be tied to measures of future cardiovascular risk, according to a study published online June 17 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.
Navindra Persaud, M.D., from the Keenan Research Centre in Toronto, and colleagues recruited 1,076 children aged 3 to 5 years from seven primary care practices. Eating behaviors were assessed by the NutriSTEP (Nutritional Screening Tool for Every Preschooler) questionnaire completed by parents. Serum levels of non-high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol were used as a surrogate marker of cardiovascular risk.
The researchers found that the eating behaviors subscore of the NutriSTEP tool was significantly associated with serum non-HDL cholesterol. For each unit increase in the eating behaviors subscore there was an increase of 0.02 mmol/L in serum non-HDL cholesterol. Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and apolipoprotein B were also associated with the eating behaviors subscore, but HDL cholesterol and apolipoprotein A1 were not. There was no association between the dietary intake subscore and non-HDL cholesterol.
"Eating behaviors in preschool-aged children are important potentially modifiable determinants of cardiovascular risk and should be a focus for future studies of screening and behavioral interventions," the authors write.
Several authors disclosed financial ties to the pharmaceutical industry.
Abstract (http://www.cmaj.ca/content/early/2013/06/17/cmaj.121834 )Full Text (http://www.cmaj.ca/content/early/2013/06/17/cmaj.121834.full.pdf+html )