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VNA of Care New England
VNA of Care New England

Risk Factors for Rheumatoid Arthritis

A risk factor is something that increases your likelihood of getting a disease or condition.
It is possible to develop rheumatoid arthritis with or without the risk factors listed below. However, the more risk factors you have, the greater your likelihood of developing rheumatoid arthritis. If you have a number of risk factors, ask your doctor what you can do to reduce your risk.

Age

Although rheumatoid arthritis can develop at any age, you’re most likely to develop the condition between the ages of 30 and 60.

Gender

Women are 2.5 to 3 times more likely to develop rheumatoid arthritis than men.

Genetic Factors

You are more likely to develop rheumatoid arthritis if there are other people in your family with this condition or with other autoimmune disorders. Genes called HLA (human leukocyte antigen genes) increase the risk of rheumatoid arthritis.

Weight

People who are obese may have an increased risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis.

Tobacco

Some studies have suggested that there is a connection between long-term smoking and the development of rheumatoid arthritis.

References

Rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Foundation website. Available at: http://www.arthritis.org/conditions-treatments/disease-center/rheumatoid-arthritis. Accessed July 24, 2013.

Rheumatoid arthritis. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at: http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health%5FInfo/Rheumatic%5FDisease/default.asp. Updated April 2009. Accessed July 24, 2013.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what. Updated July 2, 2013. Accessed July 24, 2013.

Who gets RA? Arthritis Foundation website. Available at: http://www.arthritistoday.org/about-arthritis/types-of-arthritis/rheumatoid-arthritis/who-gets-ra-and-why/who-gets-ra/how-do-you-get-ra.php. Accessed July 24, 2013.

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