Reducing Your Risk of Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis (OA) develops over time due to a variety of factors. There are no known ways to prevent OA, but there are steps to help keep your bones and joints healthy:
- Maintain a healthy weight to reduce stress on your body's joints.
- If possible, avoid activities that require intense, repetitive motion on joints that are susceptible to OA, such as the knee.
- Get regular exercise to strengthen muscles. Strong muscles absorb shock and protect the joint from excess stress. Weak muscles, cause excess stress and wearing on the joint.
Healthy bones and joints may delay the onset OA or decrease the severity.
ACR issues recommendations on therapies for osteoarthritis of the hand, hip, and knee. Am Fam Physician. 2013;87(7):515-516.
Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T116897/Osteoarthritis-OA-of-the-knee. Updated July 22, 2016. Accessed October 4, 2016.
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
website. Available at:
http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health%5FInfo/Osteoarthritis/default.asp. Updated August 2013. Accessed December 1, 2014.
Osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114846/Osteoarthritis-OA-of-the-hip. Updated July 22, 2016. Accessed October 4, 2016.
Sinusas, K. Osteoarthritis: Diagnosis and treatment.
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2/15/2013 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T116897/Osteoarthritis-OA-of-the-knee: McAlindon T, Lavalley M, et al. Effect of vitamin D supplementation on progression of knee pain and cartilage volume in patients with symptomatic osteoarthritis: A randomized control trial. JAMA. 2013;309(2):155-162.