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Intravenous Pyelogram

(IVP; Excretory Urography; Intravenous Urography [IVU])

Definition

An intravenous pyelogram (IVP) is a test that evaluates problems in the urinary tract. It is done with contrast dye and x-rays .
Anatomy of the Kidney
Glomerulonephritis
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Reasons for Test

An IVP is done to identify:
  • The cause of blood in urine
  • Tumors
  • Kidney stones or bladder stones
  • Damage to the urinary tract from injury or infection
  • Other problems keeping the kidney or bladder from functioning normally

Possible Complications

Problems from the procedure are rare, but all procedures have some risk. Your doctor will review potential problems, like:
Some factors that may increase the risk of complications include:
  • Allergy to the iodine contrast dye
  • Blood disorders
  • Poor kidney function
  • Certain medications
Pregnant women should not have this test.

What to Expect

Prior to test

Leading up to the test:
  • You will need to have kidney function tests.
  • The day before the test, you may be asked to use laxatives and enemas to empty your digestive system. This is because stool in the intestines may make it harder to read the x-ray pictures.
  • Do not eat or drink after midnight.

Description of the Test

An IV will be inserted. This will provide the contrast dye and any medication that you will need. For the next 30-60 minutes, you will lie on a table while x-rays are taken at regular intervals. You may be asked to hold your breath each time an x-ray is taken. The dye will highlight your urinary system on the x-ray. This will allow your doctor to see these body parts at work and detect problems. Before the last x-ray, you will empty your bladder in a bathroom.

After Test

You will be able to resume your normal activities and diet.

How Long Will It Take?

About 60-90 minutes

Will It Hurt?

No, but you may feel a sensation of warmth or heat as the contrast dye travels through your body.

Results

It may take a few days to receive your test results. Your doctor will discuss the results with you, as well as any treatment.

Call Your Doctor

Call your doctor if you have any concerns after the procedure. Call if you have any of the following symptoms:
  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • Itching or skin rash
  • Shortness of breath
If you think you have an emergency, call for medical help right away.

RESOURCES

National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov

Urology Care Foundation http://www.urologyhealth.org

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

Kidney Foundation of Canada http://www.kidney.ca

References

Guide to diagnostic tests. Harvard Health Publications website. Available at: http://www.health.harvard.edu/diagnostic-tests/intravenous-pyelogram.htm. Accessed August 12, 2014.

Intravenous pyelogram. Radiological Society of North America Radiology Info website. Available at: http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=ivp. Updated April 19, 2013. Accessed August 12, 2014.

Revision Information

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